Statistics

North West Statistics

In June 2019, there were a total of 9915 asylum seekers placed in dispersed accommodation located in the North West. The following graph shows the distribution by sub-region.

This number is a increase of 32 from the June 2019 figure. The asylum trend from 2004 onwards can be seen below:

The North West share of the overall UK asylum population is 23.5%, a decrease of 1.3% from the June 2018 figure. The change in overall share from 2004 is shown below:

In June 2018, the North West had a rate of 14.01 asylum seekers per 10,000 people in the region, the second-highest regional density in the UK.

National Statistics

This section has been reproduced from gov.uk – How many people do we grant asylum or protection to?

Asylum, resettlement and protection

The UK gave protection – in the form of grants of asylum, humanitarian protection, alternative forms of leave and resettlement – to 18,519 people in the year ending June 2019 (up 29% compared with the previous year). Of these, 40% (or 7,351) were children. This was the highest number of people granted protection in the UK over a one-year period since the year ending September 2003.

The total number of people offered protection in the year ending June 2019 comprised:

  • 10,555 grants of asylum (up 61%), with notable increases in grants to Iranian (up 851), Sudanese (up 713), Eritrean (up 617), Afghan (up 504), and Turkish (up 487) nationals.
  • 1,126 grants of humanitarian protection (up 31%). Libyan nationals received 683 of these, over half of the total.
  • 1,147 grants of alternative forms of leave following an application for asylum (down 3%), including a reduction in numbers obtaining UASC Leave (down 210 or 49%).
  • 5,691 people provided protection under resettlement schemes (a similar number to the previous year).

In the year ending June 2019, 44% of initial decisions on asylum applications were grants of asylum, humanitarian protection or alternative forms of leave (such as discretionary leave or UASC leave), compared with 29% in the previous year.

Grant rates vary considerably by nationality. Of those that commonly claim asylum in the UK, nationals from Libya (95% granted), Syria (89%) and Eritrea (74%) have particularly high grant rates at initial decision, while nationals of India (6%), China (8%) and Bangladesh (12%) have very low proportions of applications granted at initial decision.

The grant rate at initial decision also varies by age of applicant. In the year ending June 2019, the grant rate for main applicants aged under 18 was 88%, twice the average, whereas grant rates for those aged 18 to 69 were constant at around 40%.

Additionally, 5,993 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those previously granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK, a similar number to the previous year. Of these, around half (2,913) were issued to children.

Resettlement

The Vulnerable Person Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) accounted for nearly three-quarters (4,200) of those resettled in the UK in the year ending June 2019. Since it began in 2014, 17,051 people have been resettled under the scheme.

A further 742 were resettled under the Vulnerable Children Resettlement Scheme (VCRS) over the last year.

Of those resettled under the VPRS and VCRS in the year ending June 2019, 202 refugees were resettled in the UK through the Community Sponsorship scheme. Since this scheme began in July 2016, 344 refugees have been resettled by community sponsor groups.

Asylum applications

There were 32,693 asylum applications in the UK (main applicants only) in the year ending June 2019, 21% more than the previous year but below the level seen in the year ending June 2016 during the European migration crisis.

Over the same period, there were 3,496 applications from UASCs, 39% more than the previous year; UASCs accounted for 11% of total asylum applications in the latest year.

The latest Asylum statistics produced by Eurostat show the number of asylum applications to EU member states decreased by 3% in the year ending March 2019, although this was driven by falls in applications to Italy and Germany. Spain, France, Greece, Netherlands and Belgium all saw increases. The UK received the 6th highest number of applications of all EU member states in the year ending March 2019.

Iranian nationals accounted for the largest increase of all nationalities applying for asylum. This reflects a return to similar levels to the year ending June 2016, following falls in the last two years. Albanian nationals saw the second highest increase, following five consecutive years of approximately constant numbers of applications.

The demographics of those applying for asylum varies by nationality. Around three-quarters (74%) of all asylum applicants in the latest year were male. However, of the top 10 nationalities applying, Bangladeshi, Sudanese, and Afghan nationals all saw a higher percentage of applications from males (91%, 89% and 87% respectively), whereas Vietnamese and Albanian nationals had a below average proportion of applications from males (64% and 67% respectively).

The largest numbers of asylum applications from UASCs in the year ending June 2019 came from Eritrean (766), Sudanese (508) and Iraqi (457) nationals. UASCs accounted for 34% of all Eritrean asylum applications over the period, and a similar proportion (30%) of Sudanese asylum applications, while for Iraqis only 14% of applications were from UASCs – slightly above the average of 11% across all nationalities. A large proportion (26%) of Vietnamese asylum applications were from UASCs.

Of the 32,693 asylum applications, 44% of main applicants were aged 18 to 29, and a further 11% were children, meaning that around 45% were aged 30 years or over. The age of asylum applicants varied by nationality. For example, 34% of Eritrean and 30% of Sudanese main applicants were children (under the age of 18), compared to less than 1% of Indian and Bangladeshi main applicants.

Support provided to asylum seekers

At the end of June 2019, 45,203 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 6% from the same time the previous year.

Of these, 42,182 (93%) were in receipt of either accommodation only or both accommodation and subsistence, and 3,021 (7%) were in receipt of subsistence only. The majority (83%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%).

As at the end of June 2019, 4,019 (6.4 per thousand population) asylum seekers with an address registered in Glasgow were in receipt of Section 95 support, the highest of all local authorities. There were a further 17 local authorities in which more than three asylum seekers per thousand population were provided support under Section 95.

An additional 3,893 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 4 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, down 7% from the previous year, and 1,583 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 98 of the Act, 9% fewer than the year before.

Outcome of asylum applications

The chart below gives an illustration of the outcomes of asylum applications made in the years 2015 to 2017, where the outcome is known. After the conclusion of any appeals, around half (49%) of all asylum applications in the UK result in some form of grant of leave to remain in the UK.

Of those applications received between 2015 and 2017, 35% were granted at initial decision. The proportion of initial decisions (excluding those that were granted asylum) which were subsequently appealed was 71%, and after further consideration by Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service (HMCTS), 40% of appeals were allowed. The grant rate increased from 35% at initial decision, to 53% following appeal.

Latest outcomes for applications made in 2018

Out of those who applied for asylum in the UK in 2018,15,451 cases are currently awaiting an outcome. As more initial decisions are made, and more appeals completed, the number of grants and refusals for all years (but particularly more recent years) will increase, and this will be reflected in future publications.

The overall proportion of applications granted asylum or an alternative form of protection, either at initial decision or after appeal, was estimated to be 27% in 2004; this proportion has steadily increased to 59% of applications made in 2015 (where the outcome is known). The proportion of applications awaiting an outcome (either an initial decision or an appeal) increases for more recent years as less time has elapsed for the cases to be completed.

Sources

Asylum seeker data is taken from the Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019 provided by the Home Office.
Population data is provided by 2018 Mid-Year Population Estimates provided by the Office for National Statistics.

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

Update information

This page was last updated in September 2019. The next update is expected in November 2019.