North West Statistics
In December 2018, there were a total of 9948 asylum seekers placed in dispersed accommodation located in the North West. The following graph shows the distribution by sub-region.
This number is a increase of 573 from the December 2017 figure. The asylum trend from 2004 onwards can be seen below:
The North West share of the overall UK asylum population is 24.1%, a decrease of 0.8% from the June 2017 figure. The change in overall share from 2004 is shown below:
In June 2017, the North West had a rate of 12.38 asylum seekers per 10,000 people in the region, the highest regional density in the UK.
This section has been reproduced from gov.uk – How many people do we grant asylum or protection to?
Asylum, resettlement and protection
The UK offered protection – in the form of grants of asylum, alternative forms of protection and resettlement – to 15,891 people in 2018 (up 8% compared with the previous year). Of these, 42% (or 6,628) were children.
The total number of people offered protection each year has been around this level since early 2015, and in 2018 comprised:
- 7,636 grants of asylum (up 2%). There were notable changes in grants to Turkish (up 332), Iranian (down 381), Eritrean (down 358) and Sudanese (down 315) nationals
- 2,449 grants of an alternative form of protection (more than doubled), driven predominantly by an increase of 1,042 grants of humanitarian protection, particularly to Libyan nationals (up 907)
- 5,806 people provided protection under resettlement schemes (7% fewer than the previous year)
The Vulnerable Person Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) accounted for three-quarters (4,407) of those resettled in the UK in 2018. Since it began in 2014, 14,945 people have now been resettled under the scheme. A further 688 were resettled under the Vulnerable Children Resettlement Scheme (VCRS) over the last year.
Of those resettled under the VPRS and VCRS in 2018, 130 refugees were resettled in the UK through the Community Sponsorship scheme. Since the scheme began in July 2016, 219 refugees have been resettled by community sponsor groups. Details of the scheme can be found in the ‘About the statistics’ section.
Additionally, 5,900 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK (up 13%).
There were 29,380 asylum applications in the UK from main applicants in 2018, 11% more than the previous year. Although this remains below levels seen in 2015 and 2016 during the European migration crisis, the number of applications in the latest quarter was the highest level since 2015 quarter 4, with notable increases in applications from Iranians, Iraqis and Albanians.
The total number of asylum applications to the EU in 2018 was an estimated 612,600, down 11% from the previous year, following the 45% fall in 2017. In the latest statistics, the UK received the 6th highest number of applications of all the EU member states.
There were particularly notable increases in asylum applications to the UK from:
- Eritrean nationals, up 1,073 (nearly doubled) to 2,158
- Iranian nationals, up 757 (29%) to 3,327
- Albanian nationals, up 571 (40%) to 2,001
On 8 January 2019, the Home Office published a fact sheet on the number of people attempting to cross the channel on small boats. This showed that 543 people attempted to cross to the UK from France in this way in 2018, with 80% (438) attempting to cross between October and December. This number is less than 2% of the number of asylum applications received over the same period.
There were 2,872 applications from UASC, 20% more than the previous year. UASC accounted for 10% of total asylum applications.
In 2018, 33% of initial decisions on asylum applications were grants of asylum or alternative forms of protection (such as humanitarian protection or discretionary leave), similar to the previous year. Data from the Home Office ‘cohort’ analysis, published annually in Asylum table as_06, show that the final grant rate increases to around 50% following appeal.
Grant rates vary by nationality. There were some notable changes in grant rates at initial decision in 2018 for nationals of:
- Libya (96%, compared with 50% in the previous year)
- Turkey (38%, compared with 16% in the previous year)
- Sudan (44%, compared with 62% in the previous year)
Support provided to asylum seekers
At the end of December 2018, 44,258 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 9% from the previous year.
Of these, 41,309 (93%) were in receipt of both accommodation and subsistence, and 2,949 (7%) in receipt of subsistence only. The majority (82%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%).
In 2018, there were 17,518 applications for Section 95 support, an increase of 11% compared to the previous year.
An additional 4,016 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 4 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, down 2% from the previous year. A further 2,129 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 98 of the Act, 18% more than the year before.
In 2018, there were 1,940 requests from other member states to transfer individuals into the UK under the Dublin Regulation, and 5,510 requests from the UK to transfer individuals out of the UK to other member states.
Over the same period, there were 1,215 transfers into the UK under the Dublin Regulation. The majority (946) of these transfers came from Greece.
There were 209 transfers out of the UK under the Dublin Regulation. A quarter of these (51) were transfers to France.
Asylum seeker data is taken from the Immigration statistics, year ending December 2018 provided by the Home Office.
Population data is provided by 2017 Mid-Year Population Estimates provided by the Office for National Statistics.
Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
This page was last updated in February 2019. The next update is expected in May 2019.