North West Statistics
In March 2019, there were a total of 10218 asylum seekers placed in dispersed accommodation located in the North West. The following graph shows the distribution by sub-region.
This number is a increase of 482 from the March 2018 figure. The asylum trend from 2004 onwards can be seen below:
The North West share of the overall UK asylum population is 24.0%, a decrease of 0.9% from the March 2018 figure. The change in overall share from 2004 is shown below:
In June 2018, the North West had a rate of 14.01 asylum seekers per 10,000 people in the region, the second-highest regional density in the UK.
This section has been reproduced from gov.uk – How many people do we grant asylum or protection to?
Asylum, resettlement and protection
The UK offered protection – in the form of grants of asylum, humanitarian protection, alternative forms of leave and resettlement – to 17,304 people in the year ending March 2019 (up 22% compared with the previous year). This was the highest number of people granted protection in the UK in a single year since the year ending September 2003. Of these, 40% (or 6,964) were children.
The total number of people offered protection in the year ending March 2019 comprised:
- 9,191 grants of asylum (up 34%), with notable changes in grants to Turkish (up 446), Afghan (up 299), Iranian (up 294), Eritrean (up 268), Sudanese (up 193) and Syrian (down 145) nationals
- 1,192 grants of humanitarian protection (more than doubled), driven predominantly by an increase in grants to Libyan nationals (up 439)
- 1,127 grants of alternative forms of leave following an application for asylum (up 15%)
- 5,794 people provided protection under resettlement schemes (a similar number to the previous year)
Additionally, 5,662 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those previously granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK (down 2%).
The Vulnerable Person Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) accounted for three-quarters (4,328) of those resettled in the UK in the year ending March 2019. Since it began in 2014, 15,977 people have been resettled under the scheme.
A further 687 were resettled under the Vulnerable Children Resettlement Scheme (VCRS) over the last year.
Of those resettled under the VPRS and VCRS in the year ending March 2019, 173 refugees were resettled in the UK through the Community Sponsorship scheme. Since the scheme began in July 2016, 281 refugees have been resettled by community sponsor groups. Details of the scheme can be found in the ‘About the statistics’section.
There were 31,589 asylum applications in the UK (main applicants only) in the year ending March 2019, 18% more than the previous year but below the level seen in the year ending March 2016 during the European migration crisis.
In May, the Home Affairs committee released figures collated by the Home Office on the number of migrant crossings across the English Channel on small boats. The figures show 562 migrants were detected attempting to cross the channel in 2018, of these, 297 arrived in the UK. A further 177 attempted to cross between 1 January and 28 February 2019, of which 131 arrived in the UK. Further information can be found here.
The latest Asylum statistics produced by Eurostat show the number of asylum applications to EU member states fell by 10% in 2018, although this was driven by falls in applications to Italy and Germany. France, Greece, Spain, Netherlands, and Belgium all saw increases. The UK received the 6th highest number of applications of all EU member states in 2018.
In the latest year, there were notable increases in asylum applications to the UK from:
- Iranian nationals, up 1,393 (56%) to 3,876
- Albanian nationals, up 1,010 (69%) to 2,477
- Eritrean nationals, up 1,244 (doubled) to 2,427
There were 3,223 applications from UASCs, 31% more than the previous year. UASCs accounted for 10% of total asylum applications in the latest year.
Support provided to asylum seekers
At the end of March 2019, 45,643 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 8% from the same time the previous year.
Of these, 42,597 (93%) were in receipt of both accommodation and subsistence, and 3,046 (7%) in receipt of subsistence only. The majority (83%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%).
An additional 3,897 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 4 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, down 10% from the previous year, and 1,832 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 98 of the Act, 17% more than the year before.
Asylum seeker data is taken from the Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019 provided by the Home Office.
Population data is provided by 2017 Mid-Year Population Estimates provided by the Office for National Statistics.
Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
This page was last updated in May 2019. The next update is expected in August 2019.