North West Statistics
In September 2018, there were a total of 9961 asylum seekers placed in dispersed accommodation located in the North West. The following graph shows the distribution by sub-region.
This number is a increase of 831 from the September 2017 figure. The asylum trend from 2004 onwards can be seen below:
The North West share of the overall UK asylum population is 24.6%, a decrease of 0.4% from the June 2017 figure. The change in overall share from 2004 is shown below:
In June 2017, the North West had a rate of 12.38 asylum seekers per 10,000 people in the region, the highest regional density in the UK.
This section has been reproduced from gov.uk – How many people do we grant asylum or protection to?
Asylum and protection
There were 27,966 asylum applications in the UK from main applicants in the year ending September 2018, 4% more than the previous year. However, this remains lower than levels seen in 2015 and 2016 during the European migration crisis. The total number of asylum applications to the EU in the year ending September 2018 was an estimated 613,200, down 16% from the previous year. This represents a continued, but reduced, downward trend following a 51% fall in the preceding year. The UK had the 6th highest number of applications within the EU.
There were particularly notable changes in asylum applications to the UK from:
- Eritrean nationals, up 804 (72%) to 1,917
- Bangladeshi nationals, down 390 (22%) to 1,374
Despite the rise in total asylum applications, the number of applications from unaccompanied asylum seeking children (UASC) fell by 10% to 2,635. These accounted for 9% of total applications, compared to 11% in the previous year.
In the year ending September 2018, 30% of initial decisions on asylum applications were grants of asylum or alternative forms of protection (such as humanitarian protection, or discretionary leave), down from 34% in the previous year. Data from our ‘cohort’ analysis, published annually in table as_06, suggest that the final grant rate increases to around 50% following appeal.
In the year ending September 2018, the UK offered protection to 15,170 people (down 3%), in the form of grants of asylum, alternative forms of protection and resettlement (42% or 6,394 of whom were children). The total number of people offered protection per year has been around this level since early 2015. This comprised:
- 6,904 grants of asylum (down 1,250 or 15%), driven predominantly by falls in grants to Eritrean (down 988), Iranian (down 560) and Sudanese (down 458) nationals
- 2,272 grants of an alternative form of protection (more than doubled), driven predominantly by an increase of 742 grants of humanitarian protection to Libyan nationals
- 5,994 people provided protection under resettlement schemes (6% fewer than the previous year)
The Vulnerable Person Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) accounted for three-quarters (4,567) of those resettled in the UK in the year ending September 2018. Since it began in 2014, 13,961 people have now been resettled under the scheme. A further 663 were resettled under the Vulnerable Children Resettlement Scheme (VCRS) over the last year.
Of those resettled under the VPRS and VCRS in the year ending September 2018, 96 refugees were resettled in the UK through the Community Sponsorship scheme. Since the scheme began in July 2016, 159 refugees have been resettled by community sponsor groups. Details of the scheme can be found in the ‘About the statistics’section.
Additionally, 6,007 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK (up 18%).
Support provided to asylum seekers
As at the end of September 2018, 43,383 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 10% from the previous year.
Of these, 40,481 (93%) were in receipt of both accommodation and subsistence, and 2,902 (7%) in receipt of subsistence only. The majority (82%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%).
A further 4,064 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 4 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 4% from the previous year.
Asylum seeker data is taken from the Immigration statistics, year ending September 2018 provided by the Home Office.
Population data is provided by 2017 Mid-Year Population Estimates provided by the Office for National Statistics.
Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
This page was last updated in November 2018. The next update is expected in February 2018.